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Jiang Yu, Jiang Qi Qi, Six Dynasties Dreaming of Birds: Appreciation of the Poem

Time: 2016-08-08
From "Taicheng" by Tang Dynasty poet Wei Zhuang

Taicheng

Jiang Yu, Jiang Caoqi, six dynasties like a dream bird.

The most ruthless is Taicheng Liu, which is still ten miles from the smoke cage.

Appreciation

Taicheng is located on the bank of Xuanwu Lake in Nanjing today. According to Song Wangxiang ’s "Yu Sheng Ji Sheng" "Jiangnan East Road Jiankangfu", it is downloaded: "Taicheng is a garden city, that is, the ancient Kangkang city, originally Wuhouyuan city. , Jincheng Emperor Xianhe and five years (330 AD) made the new palace here, and its city is still in the late Tang Dynasty. "

Nanjing was called Jinling in the ancient times, and it is located in the south of the Yangtze River. The “霏霏” is exactly the characteristic of its rainy and silky climate. The grass is spreading and the green river is far away. A “Qi” character both describes it and points out the season. , Here implied the Southern Dynasty beam? Qiu Chi's "Book with Chen Bo" means "Jiangnan March, long spring grass grows". In short, the three rivers, "rain", and "grass" intersect and blend together to build a state of misty, quiet, smoke-like fog. The Six Dynasties were Sun Wu, Dong Jin, Song, Qi, Liang, Chen. Jinling was called Jianye and Jiankang during the Six Dynasties. As their capital, they have always been the center of the palace and the center of the emperor's activities, singing and dancing feasts. It can be described as extremely prosperous, but it is also a place for power struggles. The war has been frequent for more than three hundred years, and the six dynasties have changed one after another. It is like a horse-drawn lantern. It is also difficult to hold back. Coupled with the gentle and gentle atmosphere formed by the ambience of the spring rain in the south of the Yangtze River and the misty grass, this belongs to the natural features of Jinling's inherent festival area. They are nourished and moisturized with each other, secretly teasing out a word of "dream". If we go deeper, the past of the "Six Dynasties" will be long gone, and there is no trace of it, but "Jiang Yu" and "Jiang Cao" are like this every year. Now they are in sight, and they are smoke cages. The misty twilight scenes of spring, looking back at the past and comparing nature and personnel, how can you be dissatisfied with confusion and feel everything like a dream? Moreover, Wei Zhuang was born in the family of Jingzhao Duling (now the suburb of Xi'an, Shaanxi). The ancestor Wei Wei was the prime minister of the Emperor Wu Zetian Dynasty. The fourth ancestor was the famous Wei Yingwu. On the verge of extinction, are we going to repeat the "Six Dynasties" mistake? Just sinking into the mixed thoughts of real anxiety and historical reflections, and staying awake, a few bird cries suddenly came to his ears, which suddenly caused new sighs: the bird understands the impermanence of the world and the seriousness of chaos and change, only Timing is free to cry, but what makes amorous people feel embarrassed? The word "empty" wrote a sigh triggered by the sound of a bird.

If the first two sentences describe the scenery and scenery of Jinling in general pen and ink, and in the scene, only the word "Dream" is used to reveal the news gently; then, the Houlian will turn its eyes to "Taicheng" and point out the intent. And choose "willow" as a highly condensed media image, that is, the scene is lyrical, and the scene is controlled by the scene, showing a strong subjective direction. Just as Beijing is the center of the country, Taicheng is also the center of Jinling. Both the imperial palace and the Taiwan Province (the central government) are here. The last scene of the overthrow of the six generations often ends here. However, the willows piled with smoke and fog have not changed their appearance, and the spring is still green all over the ten-mile long embankment, just like Taicheng's luxurious heyday, so it is called "relentless". As Wei Zhuang associates with the "six dynasties like dreams" The severe real crisis, mourning the rivers and rivers of the Datang Empire, the demise is irreversible. In the face of the vitality of Yanliu and the prospect of every spring, he was dismissed without any plans, and he accused him of belonging to the "Taicheng Liu" "Relentless."

Lu Chai Wang Weikong Mountain didn't see anyone, but he heard people talking. Back to the scene into the deep forest, re-photographed on the moss.

The word "empty" in "Tiaocheng" in "Taicheng" has always been praised. Can you taste it? Is it the same artistic conception as the word "empty" in Lu Chai? Please appreciate it.

Reference answer: The "empty" of "bird crying" means "free space" and "in vain", which not only sets off the dream-like scenery, but also implies the poet ’s feelings about the rise and fall of history: Taicheng has undergone changes and Unrecognizable, but incomprehensible nature, springs once a year, and even birds are crying needlessly. This is similar to Du Fu's "Yang Ye Huang Yi Kong Yi". Injecting sorrow into the music scene, contrasting the ruthless nature of the lover, conveying the sorrow deep in the soul of the poet. "Empty" in "Lu Chai" means "empty", showing a quiet and inaudible situation in the mountains, showing a state of tranquility and deepness.
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